Appletons Tree Nursery Ltd, 1748 Main Road South, Wakefield, Nelson, Phone 03 541 8309, Fax 03 541 8007
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Cultivating and digging hole

Correct planting depth

Firming soil

Successful planting

Things to consider when selecting a tree:

For what purpose is the tree being planted: shelter, shade, screening, timber, environmental benefits or beautification?

Choose your site well, is it suitable for your selected tree?

Observing successful species of trees in your surrounding area will give you a good indication of what has grown well in your local environment.

  1. Prepare your site by spot spraying with herbicide or clear the site manually of all competing grass and weeds. Ripping in summer fractures the ground, allowing the tree roots to quickly explore for soil moisture and the speed and quality of planting is improved. Refer to article “Benefits of Weed Control & Fertiliser”.
  2. All our trees are completely enclosed in plastic with moss around the roots to stop moisture loss while in transit. Moisture is trapped and condenses, creating a very humid environment. Upon arrival keep the bag/s closed and store in cool area away from direct sunlight. When planting handle seedlings carefully, keeping plants in the packaging until planted to minimise moisture loss and prevent roots drying out from exposure to wind and sun. Evergreens will need planting as soon as possible after arrival.
  3. Cultivate an area 40cm x 40cm and to a depth of 30cm, opening up a planting hole large enough to accept the root system. Place the tree in the centre of the hole spreading the roots. Replace the earth around the roots discarding any turf. Forestry seedlings need adequate cultivation to a full planting spade depth.
  4. Pull the plant through the fill approximately 10cm to ensure the roots are straight. Continue to hold the top of the tree and firm the soil around the stem with the soles of your boots, firming to eliminate air pockets around the roots. (See diagram on previous page for forestry planting method.)
  5. The collar of the tree (the junction between the stem and roots) should be at ground level. However, in drought prone areas the tree can be set 10cm deeper in a shallow hollow to gather rainfall water. This helps if the soil is dry, or trees are exposed to desiccating wind or periods of heavy frosts. Evergreen trees ideally require regular watering after planting where practical.
  6. Do not add fertiliser directly into the planting hole as this might burn the roots of the tree. Refer to article Benefits of Weed Control & Fertiliser.
  7. Cover area around tree with mulch. Do not pile mulch against the trunk. Bark, stones, course sawdust, post peelings, silage tops or cut vegetation all make excellent moisture retaining mulch.
  8. Where staking is required, place the stakes so they don’t potentially damage the trunk and branches as well as the roots. Use a rubber inner tube tie, which will not cut and damage the trunk, allowing it to perish or remove when no longer needed.

Forestry planting method

Repellant Recipe for hares, rabbits and opossums

Small quantity:
5 eggs
600mls water
150mls Acrylic paint
Mix all together and spray 20mls on and around seedlings (repeat if necessary)

12 litres of mixture – approximately 600 trees (@ 20ml per tree):
1 kg egg pulp or powder
2 litres Acrylic paint
10 litres of water
Thoroughly mix egg powder with water to form paste, and add the rest of the water. Mix well and spray on with backpack immediately after planting.

Commercially available products
The commercial products are non-toxic, natural and environmentally safe. They release scents that repel browsing animals. They help to prevent damage to plants especially at critical growth stages and they offer protection for up to 3 months.

Contact Newfield Marketing, Christchurch,, phone: 03 348 0799 or your local farm supply store.